这篇文章主要为大家详细介绍了C#导入导出Excel数据的两种方法,具有一定的参考价值,感兴趣的小伙伴们可以参考一下

本文为大家分享了C#导入导出Excel数据的具体代码,供大家参考,具体内容如下

注:对于实体类对象最好新建一个并且继承原有实体类,这样可以将类型进行修改;

方法一:此种方法是用EPPLUS中的FileInfo流进行读取的(是不是流我还真不太了解,若有懂得请留言,非常感谢了)

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using Abp.Extensions;

namespace HYZT.Ltxy.International.Ctrip.Exporting
{
 public class ExcelLib
 {
  public ICtripPolicyExcelImport GetExcel(string filePath)
  {
   if (filePath.Trim() .IsNullOrEmpty())
    throw new Exception("文件名不能为空");
 //因为这儿用得是EPPLUS对Excel进行的操作,所以只能操作
 //2007以后的版本以后的(即扩展名为.xlsx)
   if (!filePath.Trim().EndsWith("xlsx"))
    throw new Exception("请使用office Excel 2007版本或2010版本");

   else if (filePath.Trim().EndsWith("xlsx"))
   {
    ICtripPolicyExcelImport res = new CtripPolicyExcelImport(filePath.Trim());
    return res;
   }
   else return null;
  }
 }
}

方法接口:

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

namespace HYZT.Ltxy.International.Ctrip.Exporting
{
 public interface ICtripPolicyExcelImport
 {
  /// <summary> 打开文件 </summary> 
  bool Open(); 
  //ExcelVersion Version { get; }
  /// <summary> 文件路径 </summary> 
  string FilePath { get; set; }
  /// <summary> 文件是否已经打开 </summary> 
  bool IfOpen { get; }
  /// <summary> 文件包含工作表的数量 </summary> 
  int SheetCount { get; }
  /// <summary> 当前工作表序号 </summary> 
  int CurrentSheetIndex { get; set; }
  /// <summary> 获取当前工作表中行数 </summary> 
  int GetRowCount();
  /// <summary> 获取当前工作表中列数 </summary> 
  int GetColumnCount();
  /// <summary> 获取当前工作表中某一行中单元格的数量 </summary> 
  /// <param name="Row">行序号</param> 
  int GetCellCountInRow(int Row);
  /// <summary> 获取当前工作表中某一单元格的值(按字符串返回) </summary> 
  /// <param name="Row">行序号</param> 
  /// <param name="Col">列序号</param> 
  string GetCellValue(int Row, int Col);
  /// <summary> 关闭文件 </summary> 
  void Close(); 
 }
}

方法实现:

using OfficeOpenXml;
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.IO;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

namespace HYZT.Ltxy.International.Ctrip.Exporting
{
 public class CtripPolicyExcelImport:ICtripPolicyExcelImport
 {

  public CtripPolicyExcelImport() 
  { } 
 
  public CtripPolicyExcelImport(string path) 
  { filePath = path; }


  private string filePath = "";
  private ExcelWorkbook book = null;
  private int sheetCount = 0;
  private bool ifOpen = false;
  private int currentSheetIndex = 0;
  private ExcelWorksheet currentSheet = null;
  private ExcelPackage ep = null; 
 
   public bool Open() 
  { 
   try 
   { 
    ep = new ExcelPackage(new FileInfo(filePath)); 
     
    if (ep == null) return false; 
    book =ep.Workbook; 
    sheetCount = book.Worksheets.Count; 
    currentSheetIndex = 0; 
    currentSheet = book.Worksheets[1]; 
    ifOpen = true; 
   } 
   catch (Exception ex) 
   { 
    throw new Exception(ex.Message); 
   } 
   return true; 
  } 
 
  public void Close() 
  { 
   if (!ifOpen || ep == null) return; 
   ep.Dispose(); 
  } 
 
  //public ExcelVersion Version 
  //{ get { return ExcelVersion.Excel07; } } 
 
  public string FilePath 
  { 
   get { return filePath; } 
   set { filePath = value; } 
  } 
 
  public bool IfOpen 
  { get { return ifOpen; } } 
 
  public int SheetCount 
  { get { return sheetCount; } } 
 
  public int CurrentSheetIndex 
  { 
   get { return currentSheetIndex; } 
   set 
   { 
    if (value != currentSheetIndex) 
    { 
     if (value >= sheetCount) 
      throw new Exception("工作表序号超出范围"); 
     currentSheetIndex = value; 
     currentSheet =book.Worksheets[currentSheetIndex+1]; 
    } 
   } 
  } 
 
  public int GetRowCount() 
  { 
   if (currentSheet == null) return 0; 
   return currentSheet.Dimension.End.Row; 
  } 
 
  public int GetColumnCount() 
  { 
   if (currentSheet == null) return 0; 
   return currentSheet.Dimension.End.Column; 
  } 
 
  public int GetCellCountInRow(int Row) 
  { 
   if (currentSheet == null) return 0; 
   if (Row >= currentSheet.Dimension.End.Row) return 0; 
   return currentSheet.Dimension.End.Column; 
  } 
 //根据行号和列号获取指定单元格的数据
  public string GetCellValue(int Row, int Col) 
  { 
   if (currentSheet == null) return ""; 
   if (Row >= currentSheet.Dimension.End.Row || Col >= currentSheet.Dimension.End.Column) return ""; 
   object tmpO =currentSheet.GetValue(Row+1, Col+1); 
   if (tmpO == null) return ""; 
   return tmpO.ToString(); 
  }   
 }   
}

方法调用实现功能:

//用于程序是在本地,所以此时的路径是本地电脑的绝对路劲;
//当程序发布后此路径应该是服务器上的绝对路径,所以在此之前还要有
//一项功能是将本地文件上传到服务器上的指定位置,此时在获取路径即可
 public string GetExcelToCtripPolicy(string filePath)
  {
   ExcelLib lib = new ExcelLib();
   if (filePath == null)
    return new ReturnResult<bool>(false, "未找到相应文件");
   string str= tmp.GetCellValue(i, j); 
   return str;
  }

方法二:将Excel表格转化成DataTable表,然后在对DataTable进行业务操作

using Abp.Application.Services;
using OfficeOpenXml;
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Data;
using System.IO;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

namespace HYZT.Ltxy.International.Ctrip.GetExcelToDataTable
{
 public class EPPlusHelperAppService:ApplicationService,IEPPlusHelperAppService
 {
  private static string GetString(object obj)
  {
   try
   {
    return obj.ToString();
   }
   catch (Exception ex)
   {
    return "";
   }
  }

  /// <summary>
  ///将指定的Excel的文件转换成DataTable (Excel的第一个sheet)
  /// </summary>
  /// <param name="fullFielPath">文件的绝对路径</param>
  /// <returns></returns>
  public DataTable WorksheetToTable(string filePath)
  {
   try
   {
    FileInfo existingFile = new FileInfo(filePath);

    ExcelPackage package = new ExcelPackage(existingFile);
    ExcelWorksheet worksheet = package.Workbook.Worksheets[1];//选定 指定页

    return WorksheetToTable(worksheet);
   }
   catch (Exception)
   {
    throw;
   }
  }

  /// <summary>
  /// 将worksheet转成datatable
  /// </summary>
  /// <param name="worksheet">待处理的worksheet</param>
  /// <returns>返回处理后的datatable</returns>
  public static DataTable WorksheetToTable(ExcelWorksheet worksheet)
  {
   //获取worksheet的行数
   int rows = worksheet.Dimension.End.Row;
   //获取worksheet的列数
   int cols = worksheet.Dimension.End.Column;

   DataTable dt = new DataTable(worksheet.Name);
   DataRow dr = null;
   for (int i = 1; i <= rows; i++)
   {
    if (i > 1)
     dr = dt.Rows.Add();

    for (int j = 1; j <= cols; j++)
    {
     //默认将第一行设置为datatable的标题
     if (i == 1)
      dt.Columns.Add(GetString(worksheet.Cells[i, j].Value));
     //剩下的写入datatable
     else
      dr[j - 1] = GetString(worksheet.Cells[i, j].Value);
    }
   }
   return dt;
  }
 }
}

之前我有一个程序用的是方法一进行Excel导入的,速度不是很快,后来我又用了第二种方法但是速度更慢了,到底这两种方法哪种快,请指导,还是我用第二种方法的时候业务判断有问题,不得而知,就请明白人指导我到底这两种方法哪种比较好些。

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